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Public Presentation

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Scientific Publications

BLADES2BUILD First Publication!

We are pleased to inform you that the first scientific article of BLADES2BUILD is now published!

Ashal Tyurkay, Gunvor Marie Kirkelund, and Ana Teresa Lima published a review article about “State-of-the-art circular economy practices for end-of-life wind turbine blades for use in the construction industry” in Sustainable Production and Consumption of Elsevier!


Check and Download our publication: 1-s2.0-S2352550924000794-main

BLADES2BUILD Second Publication!

Great news from BLADES2BUILD before going on holiday!!

Our partner R-NanoLab/National Technical University of Athens (NTUA) published a review article about “Recent Trends of Recycling and Upcycling of Polymers and Composites: A Comprehensive Review”! The review has been published in Recycling MDPI.


Check and Download our publication: Recycling_MDPI

Conferences & Workshops

BLADES2BUILD First Workshop in Turkey

We are pleased to announce that the first BLADES2BUILD Workshop, “Wind Energy Turbine Blade Recycling”, took place in Bayrakli-Izmir, Turkey, on 3 November 2023.

The workshop was hosted by our partner RENAO Consulting LLC together with JIDEP EU project and Izmir Development Agency, with more than 100 participants from the wind energy sector!

At an international level, the workshop had Turkish representatives of companies such as NORTHEL Mekatronik A.Ş., Nordex Group, and REMONDIS Turkey. The Turkish Ministry of Environment, Urbanisation and Climate Change, the Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir as well as the Horizon Europe Country Coordinator, TÜBİTAK, also attended.

The agenda can be found here.

More events are coming soon, stay tuned!

BLADES2BUILD International Symposium in Greece

Our coordinator DTU- Technical University of Denmark, organised an International Symposium on “Current challenges of wind energy development: Materials science and structural aspects” in the framework of BLADES2BUILD.

3 days, 10 sessions, 36 presentations, and more than 40 people from all over the world enjoyed our symposium!

Our sister project REFRESH was also there!

The symposium took place in Athens, Greece from the 13th to the 15th of May.

Thank you to all participants of the event and a big thank you to the organisers Leon Mishnaevsky Jr. and Alexandros Antoniou!


Chemical recycling of Wind Turbine Blade waste

Extensive research has been conducted on the solvolysis of pristine composite laminates with well-defined thermoset compositions (epoxy, polyester, vinyl ester). However, real-world wind turbine blades (WTBs) exhibit greater complexity, incorporating a heterogeneous mixture of thermosets, thermoplastics, and auxiliary materials such as balsa wood. The intricate nature of WTB construction presents a significant challenge in isolating individual components, necessitating a waste management approach that treats the entire blade as a mixed-stream feedstock with unknown chemical composition. Our partner Prezero provided NTUA WTB waste in order to perform the chemical recycling.

This investigation explores the development and optimization of a low-temperature (200°C) solvolysis process employing catalysts and additives, formulated for WTB waste, performed by NTUA. The utilized samples are representative of end-of-life (EOL) WTBs. The primary objective is to establish a universal process capable of accommodating the full spectrum of materials present within a WTB. Ideally, this process would facilitate the recovery of high-quality glass fibers for subsequent reuse, while simultaneously converting the resin fraction into valuable low-molecular-weight species (monomers and oligomers) suitable for utilization as feedstock in future material applications. Below there are images from Recycled glass fibers recovered by using chemical recycling process, originated from wind turbine blade waste: The rGF exhibit diameter ranging from 20 to 25 μm and fiber length up to 50 mm.

Re-use of the fibers into mortars

The aforementioned chemically recycled glass fibers are implemented into mortars to test different properties of the material, by our partner RWTH Aachen University.

Repurpose of Wind Turbine Blade waste

Our partner ACCIONA performed tests for the aggregate replacement by WTBW (wind turbine blade waste) at different dosages from 5% to 10% by concrete weight. The waste was mechanically shredded by our partners PreZero and Holcim in up to 10mm aggregate size. From the  tests carried out, the sample containing 10% of WTBW (wind turbine blade), presents good workability with the use of the last generation of superplasticizers, and a 24.7Mpa compressive strength is achieved at 28days, so the goal of C16/20 is fulfilled. The sample with the highest amount of waste shows better healing performance that the other dosages studied. Next lab-scale tests are focused on material durability characterization: water penetration, chloride intrusion, and so on. In the coming period ACCIONA in collaboration with Holcim will work together on the upscaling of BLADES2BUILD sustainable concrete to an industrial-scale prototype.

Repurpose of Wind Turbine Blade waste

Our coordinator, DTU, also processed some mortar samples with wind turbine blade waste as fiber reinforcement to find the effect of WTB waste size on the strength of cement mortars. The WTB waste was shredded from PreZero. The wind turbine blade waste was sieved into 5 different sizes: >8 mm, 2~8mm, 500μm~5mm, 63~500 μm, and <63 μm. Then 2 vol. % WTB waste was used as reinforcement in mortar samples for ASR test, compressive strength, and flexural strength. Alkali–silica reaction (ASR) is a material degradation mechanism that occurs in concrete structures. ASR is a chemical reaction occurring between the reactive siliceous aggregate particles and hydroxyl ions of the pore solution in hardened concrete. After the 3-point bending tests, a decrease in cracks when increasing the fiber size can be observed. In terms of compressive strength, we can see that the fibers connect (bridging) the cement matrix, in the broken pieces.

Circular building materials

Researchers of our partner TUe, Building Materials group, work on the development of circular building materials using mechanically treated (shredded) wastes of wind turbine blades. The two main areas of research are cement-based composites and polymer-based composites. They investigated the impact of mechanically treated wind turbine blade wastes, separated according to their sizes, on the flowability of cement mortars and flexural & compressive strength. The WTB waste was shredded by PreZero.

The waste was separated into 3 size ranges (first figure). A close look reveals that WTBW consists largely of thin glass fibers bonded together with epoxy and polyester resin (second figure). As the size of the waste used increased, the flowability of fresh mortars decreased. The results of bending and compression tests (third and fourth figures) demonstrate that with WTBW size increasing, the samples showed more ductile fracture and the fibers bridged the cracks.

Secondary polymer composites for the building sector

Our partner TUe/ Building Materials group, also works on the recycling of shredded waste of wind turbine blade (WWTB) into new secondary polymer composites for use in the building sector. To achieve this, 20mm wind turbine blade wastes were used (first figure) with polypropylene (PP) as the matrix to prepare pellets and secondary composites (second figure). The WTB waste was provided by PreZero.

The pellets were produced using extrusion, and the specimens were prepared using injection moulding. The mechanical testing shows the improvement of the tensile strength of the secondary composites by adding coupling agent, which enhances the interfacial strength between the matrix and fiber, consequently increasing tensile strength.


D 6.1- Dissemination Kit

D 6.2- Plan for the Exploitation & Dissemination of Results (PEDR)

D 7.2- Data Management Plan

Blades2Build Funded by the EU

Funded by the European Union. Views and opinions expressed are however those of the author(s) only and do not necessarily reflect those of the European Union or the European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency (CINEA). Neither the European Union nor CINEA can be held responsible for them.

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